Promoting Sustainability in East Jefferson County, WA
Local 20/20 has a monthly column in the Port Townsend Leader titled “Resilience Review”. (Thank you, PT Leader!) Copied below is the August column, as submitted, about king tides and sea level rise.
King Tide or Crystal Ball?
By Dave Wilkinson
One of the joys of living in a coastal community is to simply watch the water as it is constantly changing, driven by our place and time in the solar system, continuously evolving weather systems, and the complexity of the coastline itself. A special treat – and sometimes hazard – is the King Tide, occurring multiple times throughout the year but most dramatically in the winter season. These exceptionally high tides cause flooding, debris in the streets, beach and bluff erosion, and damage to shoreline structures.
King Tides also offer a chance to visualize the effects of a rising sea level. As observed at the local tide station located at the Port Townsend Ferry dock, sea level has been rising steadily at a rate of 0.6 ft. / 100 yr. over the past 44 years. Climate models project future sea level rise of 2 ft. or more by 2100, more than tripling the previous rate. The high water levels of today’s King Tides let us see what the “new normal”, everyday high tide will be in the not-so-distant future. Watching King Tides at any particular shoreline area lets you identify potential areas of concern and adapt to future conditions.
For example, a King Tide on March 10, 2016 was amplified by wind and low pressure from a passing weather system. The predicted high tide was about 9 ft. but the actual water level was more than 11 ft. Puddles of sea water and piles of debris were left in downtown streets and parking lots. At the expected rate of sea level rise, this will be routine almost monthly. Any storm surge coincident with high tides will likely render inundated streets impassable, damage shore-side buildings, and require substantial clean up.
Local climate action groups are facilitating this “crystal ball” view of the future by photo-documenting King Tide events and posting the pictures on a website set up by Washington Sea Grant. You can view photos of local high water events at Boat Haven Marina, the Salmon Club Boat Ramp, and the Northwest Maritime Center Dock by logging on to https://tinyurl.com/y7ncdz5h. You will also find that many of our neighboring communities are also monitoring areas vulnerable to King Tides.
One doesn’t need to look far in Port Townsend to see a variety of locations that will impacted by sea level rise. It is a challenge that we face together, as our municipalities, local businesses, non-profits, port, shoreline property owners, etc. all consider how to best prepare for these impacts. The good news is that the king tides are giving us early warning signals. If we heed them now, we can minimize damage and costs long term.
Do your part by informing yourself, and engaging with your local organizations. You can learn more about climate change by visiting the Port Townsend Marine Science Center or online at Local 20/20, http://l2020.org and NOAA https://www.climate.gov/. And you can see more detailed sea level rise projections for this area at http://www.noprcd.org/.
Bio: Dave Wilkinson teaches marine meteorology at northwest sailing schools and participates in local climate actions groups.